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Have you ever wondered what is the difference between front and back end development? Or how to get hired as a web developer?
When you're looking for a job in web development, it's daunting enough learning the craft – never mind getting a job as a web developer.
Well, there's good news: Getting the scoop on front end vs back end developer doesn't have to be a difficult process. With the right guidance you could easily learn all you need to know to get started in a new career -- all without waiting years, or spending an inordinate amount of money.
In this post, you'll learn what the difference is between front and back end development. You'll also learn how to land a developer job.
Ready? Let's dive in.
So, “What is front end development?"
In other words, front-end development involves everything the user, or client, sees. Sometimes, this is called "web design."
Front-end developers use the following tools to do their work:
Front-end devs need more than fluency in these languages to succeed. It also helps to be familiar with frameworks like Bootstrap, Foundation, Backbone, AngularJS, and EmberJS, and libraries like jQuery, LESS, and Ajax.
Once you're armed with the essential skills for front end developer, you may wonder what kind of jobs are out there? Here are a few examples of other names for a front end developer:
Image credit: Frontend Masters
Landing a developer role may require a bachelor's degree in a related area and 0-5 years of relevant experience. Some employers will want you to have a working knowledge of C++ language programming, XMotif programming interfaces, GUI API packages and other GUI principles.
As reported in our 2020 IT & Engineering Salary Guide, the median base salary for a front-end developer is $95,424. A Web Application Developer earns $82,040 per year. Of course, salary is affected by many factors including experience, education, and location.
What is back end development?
In short, the back-end of the web industry is the server-side. That means a back-end developer builds and maintains the technology that powers the components that enable the user-facing side of the website.
When we talk about how a website works, updates, and changes, we're talking about the "server-side", or back-end. This refers to everything a user can't see in the browser, like databases and servers.
Some common tools back-end devs use to make servers, applications, and databases communicate with each other include server-side languages like PHP, Ruby, Python, Java, and .Net to build an application. They also use tools like MySQL, Oracle, and SQL Server to find, save, or change data and serve it back to the user in front-end code.
Basically, back-end developers write code that communicates with the server and then tells the browser what to use from the database.
Hiring managers looking for back-end developers may want experience with PHP frameworks like Zend, Symfony, and CakePHP; experience with version control software like SVN, CVS, or Git; and experience with Linux as a development and deployment system.
People who work on the back-end are usually called back-end programmers or back-end developers. They are worried about things like security, structure, and content management. Although back-end devs usually know and use HTML and CSS, it's not their main focus.
A back-end developer's objective is to ensure the server, application, and database communicate with each other.
They use languages like PHP, Ruby, Python, Java, and .Net to build an application. When it's time to find, save, or change data and serve it to the user in front end code, they use tools like MySQL, Oracle, and SQL Server.
As with front-end development, there are many roles within back-end development. Here are a few common roles along with their median base salaries according to our 2020 IT & Engineering Salary Guide:
For even more details on salaries and workforce trends, request a free copy of our complete 2020 Workforce Trends & Salary Guide.
Now, let's answer the million-dollar-question: How do you get a job in development?
Here is a brief guide to landing your next development job.
Both front and back end developers play a crucial role in building effective apps and programs. If you're looking to start a career in development you couldn't have picked a better time.
The current demand for developers is real: According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) data, employment of web developers is expected to grow 15% from 2016 to 2024, a significantly higher projection than most other occupations.
Here's what that means: If you want to get a job in web development, it is entirely possible.
With a little studying and focused effort you can easily land the perfect position.
If you would like some help finding your next front-end or back-end development role, check out our job search page.