Chief Metallurgist: Prepares regulatory licenses and process description documents. Ensures safe, environmental and economical performance. Should possess in-depth knowledge of metallurgical operations. May manage others. Requires a bachelor’s degree and 10 years of relevant experience.
Exploration Engineer: Prepares and inspects projects involving drilling and exploration. Responsible for geological mapping, writing reports, site characterization, numerical modeling and analysis. Requires a bachelor’s degree and 2-4 years of experience.
Exploration Geologist: Identifies and assesses the location, quantity and quality of mineral deposits. Determines extraction risks and analyzes geological data. Plans explorations of sites for oil, gas, water, minerals, etc. Surveys and maps promising sites. Collects, records and analyzes samples and data from test sites.
Extractive Metallurgist: Originates, controls and develops flotation, smelting, electrolytic and other processes used in winning metals from ores, for producing iron and steel, or for refining gold, silver, zinc and other metals. Studies ore reduction problems to determine efficient methods of commercial production.
Hydrologist: Studies water and the water cycle. Uses expertise to solve problems in the areas of water quality or availability. Works in the field, offices and laboratories. Requires a master’s degree with a background in the natural sciences and may need a license in some states.
Mine Manager: Responsible for the overall management of mining projects. Assists in staffing, outlining project plans, setting project goals/deadlines and evaluating performance. Ensures the safety and health of mine workers. Recommends corrective action when problems are detected. May require a bachelor’s degree, 5-7 years of relevant experience and certification by the MSHA.
Mining Engineer: Prepares and inspects projects involving underground or surface mining. Designs mines and oversees construction. Requires a bachelor’s degree. Relies on extensive experience and judgment. Extensive creativity and latitude is expected.
Plant Metallurgist: Understands all metallurgical aspects relating to the operation of a concentrator, including ore management, dense medium separation, comminution, flotation, sampling and online instrumentation. Identifies and resolves issues that are preventing maximum metal recoveries and concentrate grades. Liaises with operational crews to achieve production targets. Requires a degree in metallurgy, chemical engineering or minerals processing.
Process Metallurgist: Responsible for leading metallurgical control and development in an alloy products manufacturing environment. Assists in product improvements and quality control. Requires a bachelor’s degree in metallurgy or metallurgical sciences.
Process Mining Manager: Supervises a staff that prepares, inspects and works on mining projects. Ensures the staff performs project research, designs calculations and records accuracy of mining activities. May require a bachelor’s degree and 3-5 years of relevant experience. May require certification by the MSHA.
Underground Mining Engineer: Ensures the safe and economically sound development of mines and other surface and underground operations. Assesses viability of new sites and assists with planning the mine’s structure. Manages and oversees mining production processes and supports the final closure and rehabilitation process.
Drilling Engineer: Responsible for the design and implementation of oil and gas wells. Performs design evaluations and recommends alterations to improve safety, cost savings and efficiency. May conduct risk assessment and cost estimation. Requires a bachelor’s degree in engineering and 2-4 years of relevant experience.
Geological Engineer: Designs mines for the safe and efficient removal of minerals, such as coal and metals, for manufacturing and utilities. Works mostly in mining operations in remote locations, sometimes also in sand-and-gravel operations located near larger cities. Requires a bachelor’s degree.
Geologist: Researches and studies rock layers, variations in rock formations and densities to identify new mineral deposits. Estimates the depth, quality and vastness of deposits. Tests mineral quality and purity to determine feasibility of mining. May provide consultation on complex projects. Requires a bachelor’s degree.
Mining Geologist: Studies the relationship between geology and ore formation and locates new mineral resources. Responsible for assessing and analyzing geological data in order to advise on short-term and long-term mine production plans. Conducts surveys and interprets geological data to inform drilling and production procedures. Ensures all procedures adhere to health and safety regulations and pit mapping.
Petroleum Engineer: Designs and develops methods for extracting oil and gas from deposits below the earth’s surface. Identifies new ways to extract oil and gas from older wells. Generally works in offices or research laboratories, but can also spend long periods of time at drilling sites. Requires a bachelor’s degree in engineering.
Petroleum Geologist: Studies and examines variations in rock formations and mineral samples to identify new gas and oil deposits. Analyzes the integrity of wells, and estimates the depth, quality and vastness of deposits. May consult on complex projects. Typically reports to a manager or department head. Requires a bachelor’s degree.
Reservoir Engineer: Responsible for identifying oil and gas reserves and developing strategies to maximize recovery. Designs and tests new wells and monitors and predicts performance. Some creativity and latitude is required. Typically reports to a supervisor. Requires a bachelor’s degree and 2-4 years of experience.